Zakat is a crucial pillar of Islam. It is a major teaching that raises awareness about the importance of helping those most vulnerable. It is the manifestation of ultimate selfishness, generosity, and social reformation. it is a cleansing process of the heart from greed and misery. Zakat is not just a charitable act; it is rather a duty where every Muslim has to give from their yearly earnings to the poor.
The Holly Quran mentions 8 Channels of spending Zakah: “Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah. And Allah is Knowing and Wise. “[9:60].
Here is a brief description of each of these channels:
- The Poor
- The Needy
- Those employed to collect Zakah
- Bringing hearts together
- Freeing Captives
- Those in Debt
- The cause of Allah
- The TravTraveller
It is an obligation for every Muslim who has reached puberty, is of sound mind, and has above the minimum required amount of wealth (Nisaab). It means giving a calculated amount (usually 2.5%) to the poor and needy.